CCA Steps 2 & 3 (working bibliography and research notes)

By , November 15, 2011 7:22 pm

START ASAP! Don’t delay

Working Bibliography (for 2 sources) due Tues. April 16.

Research Notes from 5 additional sources due Mon. May 6. (Please note: 5 is the minimum – you will probably require much more)




Ms. G’s Samples:

MsG_Sample_CHY4U_CCA_Step2_2017-18 (sample by Ms. G on Boko Haram)

MsG_CHY4U_CCA_Essay_Working_Bibliography_2015-16 (sample by Ms. G on China)

**** Ms._G_Step2_April_2019 (sample by Ms. G on Yemen) ***

Also for your interest, you can see my notes so far:




It’s time to start using more specific sources, including books. if possible. It’s also time to start focusing more on the history, less on the current event.

When you get your background CCA notes and worksheet back, make sure you read the comments. Take them seriously. They are intended to guide you in the research process while you look for your next sources. Some of you will have to go back before you can go forward because you didn’t do the background research as directed, or you didn’t get a true overview of your topic.

When you are ready to move forward – and this had better be pretty soon – you are going to locate more specific sources that will help you research your topic further (mostly the historical roots of the current issue).

Choose your next research sources carefully; they should not be too general (unless you were missing some general info in step 1). Many students will end up choosing repetitive sources. It is not worthwhile reading the same type of source over and over, such as The History of Japan, Japan’s History, Japan’s Modern History unless each has unique information in it.

Fill in your Working Bibliography as you go. It is not meant to be completed for all your sources, however, it will serve as an indicator to the teacher of your direction. You MUST use specific examples from the books if you hope to get good marks. See sample for SPECIFIC evidence.

Please indicate general points and specific examples in your notes (3 column note-taking method). At least use headings. Make your own headings. Don’t always copy the ones you see in articles or on websites. I don’t want to see bullet points just listed endlessly down the side of your note-taking pages;  it won’t be helpful to you in the end. It’s really hard for me to read your notes effectively this way, possibly affecting the note-taking mark I give you.

What Constitutes an Example:

  • details about something specific that happened (who, what, where, when, how, why)
  • primary source evidence (optional)


Davey lamp, or Davey safety lamp

  • invented by Sir Humphrey Davy ( chemist) in London in 1815 and first tested in 1816
  • meant to protect coal miners from firedamp
    • firedamp = mixture of methane and air, highly explosive when exposed to open flame
  • miners used open flame to see in the pits
  • in deeper, more dangerous mines needed protection from and detection of harmful gasses (e.g.,  carbon dioxide)
  • lamp had a metal mesh screen around  open flame
  • some miners and owners liked the lamps
  • some didn’t
    • didn’t provide much light and may have detracted from owners directly addressing safety issues in the mines

What Doesn’t Constitute an Example:

  • general information
  • listed information
  • facts minus explanations
  • e.g., the Davey lamp was used by miners in the 1800s.


If, at any point, you don’t know what direction to take, please speak to Ms. Gluskin. Don’t leave it until the last minute: procrastination is the enemy. But please make sure you have read the comments before you come to see the teacher. This is grade 12 and a certain level of preparation is required and expected.


Things to Consider When Choosing Sources:

Cover the range of types of sources: Sample Topic – Spanish-American War

  • general history of a region or time (e.g., History of Latin America)
  • specific history (e.g., History of Cuba under Spanish Control)
  • specific event (e.g., The Spanish-American War in Cuba)
  • specific person (e.g., Jose Marti and Cuban Independence)
  • specialized encyclopedia (Colonialism, History of World Trade)
  • primary source (not absolutely necessary)

Make sure you look at sources that include relevant political / economic / religious / social-cultural  / intellectual /  artistic / technological  angles of your topic (PERSIAT)

Do not use four different books on pretty much the same topic. This is pointless unless they have different information in them.

  • History of Cuba
  • Cuban History
  • Modern History of Cuba
  • History of Cuba in the Modern Age

Best of luck on this research step.

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